Jargon Buster

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Page Tools

Print This Page

Share

A

A&E

Accident and Emergency Department

ABI

Acquired Brain Injury

ACE

See Advisory Centre for Education

Acute

The short term, crisis phase of an illness

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

For further information see: www.adhd.org.uk
www.adders.org
http://www.adhdalliance.org.uk/

Advices

The reports provided by professionals and parents as part of statutory assessment

Advisory Centre for Education

National body giving advice on education for children with special needs, particularly exclusions.

Annual Review

A yearly review of a statement of Special Educational Needs.

App

App is an abbreviation for application. An app is a piece of software which can run on the Internet, on your computer, or on your phone or other electronic device. These can include games or functional tools to help with things such as communication or managing medical conditions.

ASD

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (now most often referred to as Autistic Spectrum Condition or ASC)
For further information see ASC entry

B

BESD

Behavioural Emotional and Social Difficulties

BME

Abbreviation for "Black and Minority Ethnic"

BST

Behaviour Support Team

C

CA

Classroom Assistant or Carers Allowance

CAF

Common Assessment Framework

CAMHS

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service

Care Package

This is the extra help which you get after your needs assessment. It might, for example, include some respite care, a session with a community family worker or some social work support.

Carer’s assessment

If you are the person most closely involved in looking after your child, and your child is having – or is eligible – for an assessment of their needs, you may be entitled to a carer's needs assessment in your own right. But this may be covered by the CAF and the needs assessment.

Carers Allowance

Carer's Allowance (CA) is a weekly payment for anyone who spends at least 35 hours a week looking after someone with an illness or disability but is not paid to do this. Find more information about Carer's Allowance. chronic persisting for a long time

Common Assessment Framework (CAF)

A CAF is a way of assessing a child's additional needs and planning help for them and their family. It should bring together the family and the professionals who can help to create an action plan.

Complex

More than one significant problem

Congenital

Present at birth

CoP

Code of Practice

CP

Cerebral Palsy

For further information see www.scope.org.uk

D

DDA

Disability Discrimination Act.

DDA Code of Practice

A guide that tells schools how to carry out their duty not to discriminate against pupils according to the Disability Discrimination Act

Diagnosis

Identification of a disease or condition by looking at the symptoms

Disability Living Allowance

Disability Living Allowance (DLA) is a benefit you can claim if your child needs extra help or looking after because of their special needs. More about Disability Living Allowance.

DLA

See Disability Living Allowance

DWP

Department for Work and Pensions

E

Early Years education

All pre-school education provision such as playgroups, nursery classes, pre-schools and day nurseries

EBD

Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

EBSD

Emotional, Behavioural and Social Difficulties

Education Welfare Officer

Work with schools, children and parents on attendance problems.

ENT

Ear, nose and throat

EP

Educational Psychologist

EWO

See Educational Welfare Officer

G

GDD

Global Developmental Delay. When a child has delayed achievement of one or more developmental milestones, this is Developmental Delay. Global Developmental Delay implies that the child has delays in all areas of development.

Genetic

Inherited

H

HI

Hearing Impairment

I

IEP

See Individual Education Plan.

Independent Parental Supporter

A trained person who can offer practical support to parents of children with special needs on education issues. Local authorities have a duty to provide this kind of support to parents of children with special needs. Find out more about getting help from one of Nottinghamshire and Nottingham PPS service IPS.

Individual Education Plan

A program of learning objectives and teaching strategies for children with special educational needs. The IEP should be discussed with you and with your child, and be reviewed at least twice a year.

INT

Individual Needs Teacher

IPS

See Independent Parental Supporter

L

LA

Local authority

LEA

Local education authority

LSA

Learning Support Assistant

M

Mainstream school

Ordinary state school

MLD

Moderate learning difficulties

MSI

Multi Sensory Impairment

Multi-disciplinary / multi-agency

Where all the professionals or organisations providing treatment or support come together to assess or discuss your child or your family situation.

N

Needs Assessment

In order to decide on the extra help and support your child needs, the social worker will come to your home to find out more about your situation. After that, they will write a report, giving details of your needs. This report is called an 'initial needs assessment' and any help your child receives should be based on it. It also includes the needs of parents/carers and the family as a whole, including brothers and sisters.

Note in lieu

A note issued to a child's parents and school, following statutory asessment, if the LA decide not to make a statement.

O

OT

Occupational Therapist

Outreach

This is where a worker comes out to you and/or your child, rather than you having to go to them

P

Paediatrician

Doctor who specialises in the development or care of children.

Parent Partnership Service

Every education authority is obliged to provide a Parent Partnership Service to make sure parents can get hold of impartial information and advice on special educational needs and the statementing process.
Nottingham City and Nottinghamshire County Parent Partnership Service: www.ppsnotts.org.uk

Percentile

A score attained in a test that compares a child with its age group.

PMLD

Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties

For further information see http://www.mencap.org.uk/html/campaigns/PMLD/pmld_definition.asp

Portage

Home-based, pre-school education service for children with special needs.

PPS

See Parent Partnership Service.

Progressive

A condition which will go through a series of stages as it develops. Often suggests a condition will not improve

Provision map

A provision map is a document that provides an 'at a glance' way of showing the provision a school makes for children with special and other additional needs. This may be through extra staffing, groups for particular needs or use of support services.

PRU

Pupil Referral Unit. A centre maintained by the Local Authority for children who are not able to attend a mainstream or special school.

R

Respite

Short-term breaks for parents or carers.

S

S&LD

Speech and Language Difficulties

SA

See School Action.

SAP

See School Action Plus

School Action Plus

The second of the school-based stages for children with special educational needs: where School Action has not helped the child to make adequate progress, and the school asks for outside advice from the LEA's support services, or from health or social work professionals.

SEN

See Special Educational Needs

SEN Code of Practise

A guide for early education settings, state schools and local education authorities (LEAs) on the help they can give to children with special educational needs. Schools and LEAs must take account of the Code when they deal with a child with special educational needs.

SENCO

Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator. The member of staff in a mainstream school who is responsible for special educational needs within the school.

SENDIST

See Special Educational Needs Disability Tribunal

SLD

Severe Learning Difficulties. Can sometimes refer to speech and language difficulties too. For further information see: www.mencap.org.uk

Special Educational Needs

A legal definition for children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn or access education than most children of the same age. These children may need extra or different help from that given to other children of the same age.

Special Educational Needs Disability Tribunal

An independent body that hears parents' appeals against LEA decisions on statutory assessments and statements and parents' claims of unlawful disability discrimination.

Special school

A school that makes specialist provision for pupils with special needs.

SpLD

Specific Learning Difficulty, for example dyslexia or dyspraxia.

See: http://www.bdadyslexia.org.uk/ and http://www.dyspraxiafoundation.org.uk/

Statement

A statement of special educational needs. A legal document that sets out a child's educational needs and where and how those needs will be met. These were replaced by Education, Health and Care Plans on September 1st 2014. Find out more about Education, Health and Care Plans

Statutory assessment

A detailed examination of a child's special educational needs by the LA, which may lead to a statement. Find out more about statutory assessments.

T

TA

Teaching Assistant

TP

See Transition Plan

Transition Plan

A plan drawn up after the Year 9 annual review of a Statement, setting out the steps needed for the young person to move from school to adult life.

V

VI

Visual Impairment